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Maribor

 

Maribor is the second city of the republic of Slovenia, is situated in a very picturesque place, Pohorje, famous for vineyards on the green hills and the river Drava crossing the landscape. In 2000 Maribor received the status of the Alpine city.

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Maribor has rich traditions in viniculture. The impressive history of the city, its unique location will provide you with various possibilities for different types of tourism – observing cultural and historical places or just rest in one of the numerous luxurious hotels. If you will get into the old Maribor you will be impressed how these small streets combine with the modern city infrastructure, these small streets will lead you to a very beautiful City Park.


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Here you can find the oldest vine in the world, ruins of the city walls and medieval towers.

History.

The first mention of the Marburg Castle on the territory of Stiria is dated back to 1164. The market which was situated next to the castle had the name of Maribor. The city privileges were given in 1254, when Rudolf I beat Przemysl Ottokar. Just after that Maribor began developing.

In 1480 the city was sieged by Mathiasha Hunjadi. Ottoman attacks took place during the following 200 years, despite all of that the city was under the control of the Habsburg Dynasty until 1918.


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Before the First World War began, the German population made up 80 % of the whole city population, almost all the public life was under Germans control. The name of the city was also German – Marburg-upon-Drava.

During the Second World war the ethnical picture didn’t change at all. The Lower Styria was occupied by fascists, all non-German population was evacuated to Serbia and Croatia, ventually to concentration camps. Then there were a lot of military plants and industrial centres, that is why the city suffered a lot from the air bombardment.

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After the war Maribor was reconstructed and developed as a transit center of the Northern Slovenia, the city became the biggest industrial center of Yugoslavia.

During the Balkan Conflict the economy of Maribor was in decrease. The situation turned for the better right before Slovenia has entered the European Union.

The main places of interest are – the building of the Municiplity in the Renaissance style, the gothic cathedral (12th century), the Castle of Maribor (14th cent), and Local History Museum in the building of the former synagogue (15th cent). You will want to visit the oldest vine-yards in Europe (older than 400 years).

In the winter season you can do skiing here on the Pohorje Mountain. Here you can find international slalom and giant slalom tracks.

 

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